9 ways a weak rupee impacts India's economy and you

With the Indian rupee weakening against the dollar, India has to pay more dollars for the same quantity of goods

9 ways a weak rupee impacts India's economy and you

Here’s a look at some direct impacts of the Indian rupee weakening against the greenback:

1 - Slowdown in imports

India imports crude oil, metals, electronics, plastic goods, cars, vegetable oils, gold among several other items from other nations. For the majority of these purchases, the country uses the globally agreed-upon reserve currency– US dollars.

With the Indian rupee weakening against the dollar, India has to pay more dollars for the same quantity of goods. In the face of that cash crunch, typically, there is a slowdown in the pace of imports.

2 - Increased cost of production for domestic industries

Imported raw materials are used in the production of a lot of goods. With Indian industries having to purchase these raw materials at a higher price, the cost of production of the goods they manufacture increases.

To keep up with the inflated costs and maintain profit margins, businesses usually raise prices. Alternatively, they may need to cut down on production or employment levels, which can have a negative impact on their growth and output.

3 – Contribution to inflation

Products being sold at higher-than-usual prices can drive inflation higher. It can also hurt demand as a section of the people may not be able to afford the goods.

4 – Education abroad gets expensive

For students who travel abroad, a weak Indian currency means they will have to recalculate and adjust their budget maths as they will now be required to pay more not just for tuition fee, but also for their accommodation and day-to-day expenses.

5 - Overseas borrowing gets dearer

If the rupee is weak, it becomes more expensive for Indian businesses and the government to borrow money from overseas lenders. For the same rate of interest in US dollars, more money (in Indian rupees) must be spent. This is especially true of loans taken from banks in the US and for US dollar-denominated loans.

6 – Change in balance of payments

The depreciating rupee can sometimes result in increased outflow of money on existing external loans and on imports. On the flip side of that coin, a depreciating rupee can make Indian assets cheaper for foreign investors, making it more enticing to invest in the country. This can lead to an increase in foreign investment.

7 - RBI may take corrective measures

When rupee is weak for a relatively longer time, the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) intervenes and takes measures, including selling US dollars in the open market to increase its supply and lower its value to maintain the value of the Indian rupee.

8 - Exports get lucrative

Not all is bad with weak rupee. If the rupee depreciates, exports become more lucrative as Indian sellers end up earning more selling their goods and getting payment in dollars.

Also, weak rupee is good for exports as Indian goods and services become cheaper for foreign importers.

9 – Impact on tourism

Tourism in India gets a boost with a weak rupee as it gets cheaper for foreigners to travel to the country. This helps bring in more foreign currency and generate employment opportunities for people working in the tourism industry. It also gets costlier for Indians to travel abroad, especially to the US. Such plans could be postponed till the value of the rupee appreciates.